Sugpo Or Prawn Farming And Exporting

Prawns or “Sugpo” have a universal appeal not just here in the Philippines, but globally. With new technologies on prawn farming, the prawn industry continuous to grow, regaining investors confidence in prawn farming.

Prawn Farming Philippines

Prawn Farming Philippines (image source - www.aquaculturewithoutfrontiers.org)

I find this prawn aquaculture really quite adaptable to us Filipinos and there are quite a number of benefits as well. New technology on prawn farming in brackish waterponds incorporates pollution management. Prawns can be integrated with other commodities such as tilapia, bivalve and seaweeds. That being said, those commodities are additional products that we can invest in. There are also a number of environment-friendly techniques like crop rotation and improvement of feed formulation can be employed. Green technology makes it possible to inhibit disease-causing organisms.  With a tropical country like the Philippines, these are a good way to go. We can invest and produce products and yet be eco-friendly.

Prawn Farm Philippines

Prawn Farm Philippines (image source - www.aquaculturewithoutfrontiers.org)

There are two technological viabilities in prawn farming currently. Hatchery farming where it is done by separating spawners from the eggs that will decrease chances of bacterial and fecal contamination, it is also part of disease prevention techniques in hatcheries. Regular water replacement dilutes the concentration of toxic metabolites in the tank and will decrease the stress factors. Hatcheries are indispensable to grow-out operators especially when seeds stock supply from the wild is not assured. (Marketing is one of the problems of prawn hatcheries. Since fewer ponds are stocked with prawn due to disease threats/occurrence, demand for prawn fry has also decreased).

Prawns Sugpo

Prawns Sugpo

Another technology in prawn farming is the Brackish water Pond Culture. Since prawn culture loads a lot more nutrients from feeding and high-density stocks, the farm must provide for their discharge and breakdown so that pathogenic bacteria population does not increase to the point of causing disease outbreaks. This new technology on prawn farming in brackish water ponds incorporates pollution management which constitutes 9% of annual prawn production cost per ha of the farmer. Pollution management is worth the cost considering that a prawn farmer could lose it all during a disease outbreak.

Philippine Prawn Exporting Potential

Although proper processing of prawn is essential to successful operations, the more difficult aspect is exporting the product. Majority of export quality for the Philippine prawn industry is Japan. Although there are also other competitors within the region primarily Taiwan, about 80% of 300 to 550 MT of prawns are exported to Japan every month which is only 2% of Japan’s prawn export in their market. The US market for prawns is big but it is being largely supplied by their south American neighbors such as Mexico, Brazil and other Latin American countries. Although the prices of prawns have been very competitive, the Philippine exporters should start marketing more in the US to capture not just the Asian region but also a share of US market as well.

Black Tiger Prawns

Black Tiger Prawns

There is no doubt that there is a good potential in prawns and an increase of its demands. We just have to realize and capitalize these opportunities as early as we can. The strong demand of the prawn products, the large natural ponds and other technologies suitable for aquaculture development, and the geographical proximity to Japan which is the largest importer. I think we should start considering this industry more and the government should know how to convert this tremendous potential to increase the production and support the Filipino prawn farmers for more export earnings for the country.

Prawn suppliers and buyers can contact me by sending an email to john@manilatrade.com You can also advertise your seafood business for free in the ManilaTrade web portal.

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About John Dela Cruz

John Dela Cruz is an internet marketer and the author of ManilaTrade - Home of Philippine products, business and trading. He is also a fish farm business owner and an exporter.

Comments

  1. Pidrus says:

    Good Day,
    We like to put up aquaponic farming ( Vegetable & Tilapia & Sugpo )
    Only for the lokal market in our province.
    Vegetable from the north estimate 800-1000kilometer
    In folie. Defekt na. And over price by the palenke.

    Fish go in the night direkt to Manila.
    No fish to buy estimate for 4-5 months only fisherman familie use 5-10 maybe.
    When the fisherman go outside for fishing. Sam day wala fish.
    Ok Thanks for your Time, sorry for my bad english
    Pidrus

    1. John Dela Cruz says:

      Sounds good sir I haven’t seen an aquaphonic farm in Mindoro. Send me pictures if you’ve started your business!

  2. Deborah says:

    Quite so, quite, so, Vivie! A good diner began with a sharp knife up a prawn’s arse!Still love prawns, thuogh I love just about every morsel spawned in water, sweet or salty.In a big political party I held many years ago, in the back yard of our old house, a Greek member of my branch prepared some raw sardines. Just the right amount of salt, olive oil and vinegar. I don’t think he added anything else. He had prepared some 10 kilos or so of them. We also had a goat and a lamb on the spit as well as a piglet and tons of other things, like prawns, oysters, souvlakis, mousaka and suchlike. The sardines were the first to disappear. Amazingly morish and delish! Al Grassby (to drop but one name) was most taken by them!I’ve long since lost his number. He was in his sixties back then so he’s probably now sitting with his maker -Poseidon I’d suggest- playing backgammon.

    1. John Dela Cruz says:

      Sounds like you had a blast at your event! Buttered prawns are delicious too it’s one of my favorite dishes.